Long Term Monitoring

Status of the Reefs

Site Selection Process


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NOAA-ALH Benthic Habitat Mapping
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CRAMP Cooperative Programs

CRAMP is primarily a major state-wide partnership between the State of Hawai‘i Department of Land and Natural Resources (DLNR), Division of Aquatic Resources (DAR) and the University of Hawai‘i System.

The Management Committee of the Hawai‘i Coral Reef Initiative (HCRI) that makes the decisions on CRAMP funding consists of two UH members, two DAR members and one outside member.  DAR staff on all islands were involved in the design of CRAMP and have been directly involved with site selection. A number of DAR biologists and other staff throughout the State (notably Skippy Hau, Russ Sparks, Bill Walsh, Brent Carman, Pete Hendricks, Don Heacock and Dave Eckert) have been directly involved in the survey work. CRAMP work on the outer islands is facilitated by Dr. Robert Nishimoto of DAR.  HCRI funding was available for the first two years of CRAMP (1998,1999) during its initial development and methodological testing.  Subsequent surveys have been funded by interest at a particular site. 

CRAMP is based at the Hawai‘i Institute of Marine Biology (HIMB), but operates through the statewide UH system. On O‘ahu, this involves the Departments of Botany, Zoology, Oceanography, Geology and Geography at UH Mānoa. Dr. Dave Krupp at UH Windward Community College (WCC) supports the CRAMP web server. John Pye at UH Maui Community College participates directly in surveys and has served as PI on the portion of CRAMP work at Maui and Kaho‘olawe.  Donna Brown of MCC and the Marine Option Program (MOP) are fully involved in CRAMP surveys on Maui. CRAMP has received support from Dr. Leon Hallacher and John Coney of the University of Hawai‘i at Hilo that has enabled us to survey sites on the Island of Hawai‘i.

Funding for South Moloka‘i sites was provided by the Coastal Marine Geology Program of the US Geological Survey under the direction of Dr. Michael Fields.   This was part of a collaborative effort to investigate the impacts of the South Moloka‘i shoreline.  This multi-disciplinary project to understand the physical controls on the reef included the biological investigation undertaken by CRAMP.  Long-term monitoring of eight stations at five sites was conducted from 1999 through 2005. 

Larval recruitment array for coral larvae collection (photo by Eric Brown)

Larval recruitment array for coral larvae collection (photo by Eric Brown) (Click image for larger view.)

CRAMP has been an integral part of the Hanalei Watershed Hui since 2002.  In collaboration with Dr. Carl Berg, CRAMP has continued long-term benthic monitoring focusing on change over time since 1999. In addition, CRAMP has collected data from recruitment plates from the 2003, 2004 recruitment season.  In collaboration with Dr. Alan Friedlander, CRAMP has also resurveyed and analyzed the benthic cover for twenty existing transects originally set up to assess fish habitats. 





CRAMP has had further collaboration with the Limahuli Garden, part of the National Tropical Botanical Garden. As part of the 1,020 acre Limahuli ahupuaa, a shallow reef and a deeper outer reef station were established by CRAMP in 1999. This work has been facilitated by Chipper Wichman, co-founder and director of Limahuli Gardens.

Collaboration efforts with other agencies include a mapping partnership between the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the Analytical Laboratories of Hawai‘i (ALH) and CRAMP. Under the overall leadership of Mark Monaco, the nationwide mapping and classification program involves ALH under S. Miles Anderson who is locally responsible for all aspects of the NOAA Hawai‘i mapping program and for preparation of the benthic habitat maps. CRAMP provides the field support and the biological expertise needed for the mapping, accuracy assessment, and ground truth effort.

Fred Farrel



Last Update: 04/21/2008

By: Lea Hollingsworth

Hawai‘i Coral Reef Assessment & Monitoring Program

Hawai‘i Institute of Marine Biology

P.O. Box 1346

Kāne‘ohe, HI 96744

808-236-7440 phone

808-236-7443 fax